Montessori AMI Primary Guide
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Preliminary Exercises
  Carrying a Mat
  Unrolling/Rolling a Mat
  Carrying a Chair
  Sit and Stand from a Chair
  Carrying a Table
  Carrying a Tray
  Carrying a Jug
  Geometric Cabinet Tray
  Carrying a Sharp object
  Opening a Door
  Removing a Book
  Opening a Book
  Turning pages of a Book
  Opening Bottles
  Opening Boxes
  Folding Cloths
  Spooning Grains
  Pouring Grains
Care of the Person
  Washing Hands
  Dressing Frame
    Hook and Eye
   Safety Pins
  Polishing Shoes
  Preparing a Snack
Care of The Environment
  Washing a Chalkboard
  Dusting a Table
  Washing a Table
  Polishing Wood
  Polishing Glass
  Arranging Flowers
  Washing Cloths
  Setting a Table
  Wet Mopping
  Dust Mopping
  Outdoor Sweeping
Grace and Courtesy
  Greeting a Person
  Thank You
  Excuse Me
  Introduction of One's Self
  Offering Help
  Expressing Admiration
Control of Movement
  Walking on the Line
  Silence Game

Carrying a Jug

A table and a jug of water



Prepare a jug filled halfway with water. Place it on a child's table. Invite 3-4 children to come participate in your lesson by telling them you have something to show them. Show each child where exactly to sit and once the children are seated, you sit so that you can see them all, they all can see you, and yet you are not in front of them. Call their attention to the jug of water on the table and tell them that you are going to show them how to carry a jug of water.


  1. Stand so that the table is a little closer than arms’ length and so that the jug is sitting in front of you.
  2. Bend your knees.
  3. Wrap your four right fingers around the handle of the jug.
  4. Place your right thumb on the top of the handle.
  5. Cup your left hand around the bottom part of the jug under the spout of the jug.
  6. As you straighten your knees, slowly pick up the jug of water.
  7. Bring jug near to your body so that it is about at stomach level.
  8. Walk carefully around a designated space all the while checking that the walkway is clear of obstacles.
  9. Come back to the spot of the demonstration.

Setting Down

  1. Bend you knees.
  2. Slowly lower the jug towards the tabletop.
  3. Place the point of the bottom of the jug nearest your body down first.
  4. Silently place the opposite side of the jug down as well.
  5. Undo your grasp of your cupped left hand.
  6. Lift your right thumb off the top of the handle.
  7. Remove your four right fingers from around the handle.
  8. Straighten your knees and bring your body to erect position.

Offer each child the opportunity to pick up and carry the jug.

Once they have all had a turn excuse them one at a time, making sure each child has thought of what he would like to de next.


Direct: Growth in independence with regard to the performance of the movements necessary for the carrying and placing of the jug without spilling any water and damaging himself, others, or the jug. 
Indirect: Coordination of the child’s movement, development of the muscles, and concentration.

Points of Interests
Looking at the water level as they are walking to see how much the water is moving around the jug.

2 1/2 - 3 1/2 years







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