Montessori AMI Primary Guide
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Preliminary Exercises
  Carrying a Mat
  Unrolling/Rolling a Mat
  Carrying a Chair
  Sit and Stand from a Chair
  Carrying a Table
  Carrying a Tray
  Carrying a Jug
  Geometric Cabinet Tray
  Carrying a Sharp object
  Opening a Door
  Removing a Book
  Opening a Book
  Turning pages of a Book
  Opening Bottles
  Opening Boxes
  Folding Cloths
  Spooning Grains
  Pouring Grains
Care of the Person
  Washing Hands
  Dressing Frame
    Hook and Eye
   Safety Pins
  Polishing Shoes
  Preparing a Snack
Care of The Environment
  Washing a Chalkboard
  Dusting a Table
  Washing a Table
  Polishing Wood
  Polishing Glass
  Arranging Flowers
  Washing Cloths
  Setting a Table
  Wet Mopping
  Dust Mopping
  Outdoor Sweeping
Grace and Courtesy
  Greeting a Person
  Thank You
  Excuse Me
  Introduction of One's Self
  Offering Help
  Expressing Admiration
Control of Movement
  Walking on the Line
  Silence Game

Carrying a Mat

a mat


Prepare all materials before. (Place rolled mat on the ground.)
Invite 3-4 children to come participate in your lesson by telling them you have something to show them. Show each child where exactly to sit and once the children are seated, you sit so that you can see them all, they all can see you, and yet you are not in front of them. Call their attention to the mat on the floor and tell them that you are going to show them how to roll and unroll a mat. Position yourself so that you are sitting on your knees in front of the vertical rolled up mat with the flap of the mat is on the left side of the rolled up mat.

Tell the children " I am now going to pick up this map"


  1. Place your right thumb on the front of the rolled mat about 1/3 of the way down from the top (or lower if you are smaller).
  2. Wrap you four right fingers around the mat so that they are under the mat.
  3. Place your left thumb on the front of the rolled mat under your right thumb about 1/2 way from the top.
  4. Wrap your four left fingers around the mat.
  5. Lifting with the force of both hands, lift the mat from the floor so that it in now perpendicular to the floor and stand up.
  6. Bring the mat in close to your body, keeping it perpendicular to the floor.
  7. Walk carefully and to a specific spot (not too far so the children can no longer see you), checking regularly to make sure your walkway is clear. 

Setting Down

  1. Come back to your starting point and tell the children "I am now going to set down this mat on the floor"
  2. Bend down and sit on your knees.
  3. Place the mat down with one point of contact. This point should be the bottom part of the mat on the opposite side of your body.
  4. Slowly rotate your hands away from your body so that the mat gets closer and closer to lying on the ground.
  5. Remove your four left fingers from under the mat.
  6. Remove your left thumb from the top of the mat.
  7. Remove your right four fingers from under the mat.
  8. Remove your right thumb from the top of the mat.
  9. Offer each child the opportunity to pick up and carry the mat.
  10. Once they have all had a turn excuse them one at a time, making sure each child has thought of what he would like to de next.


Direct: To assist the child in coping with the movements necessary for carrying a mat.
Indirect: Development of voluntary movements.

Points of Interests
Holding the flap of the mat so that it does not unroll as it is being carried.

2 1/2 onwards

For space, I have written right and left hands, but in the presentation the right hand stands for the hand furthest away from the children and the left hand stands for the hand nearest the children.








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