Montessori AMI Primary Guide
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Numbers through Ten
  Number Rods
  Sandpaper Numbers
  Number Rods and Cards
  Spindle Boxes
  Concept of Zero
  Cards and Counters
  Memory Game
Decimal System
  Introduction to quantity
  Formation of Numbers
  Stamp Game
  Dot Game
  Word Problems
Linear & Skip Counting
  Teens: Quanity
  Teens: Symbol
  Tens: Association
  Linear Counting
  Skip Counting
  Number Roll
Tables of Arithmetic
  Addition Snake Game
  Strip Board - exercises
  Addition Strip Board
  Addition Charts
  Substraction Snake Game
  Substraction Strip Board
  Substraction Charts
  Multiplication Bead
  Multiplication Board
  Multiplication Charts
  Unit Division Board
  Division Charts
Passage to Abstraction
  Small Bead Frame
  Wooden Hierarchical Material
  Large Bead Frame
  Racks and Tubes

Multiplication Board


- A perforated board with 100 holes in rows of 10 arranged in a square. At the left side of the board is a window with a slot for the insertion of the cards.
- A red, wooden disc.
- Tables of multiplication
- A set of cards from 1 to 10
- Charts 1 and 2

Chart 1
montessori, multiplication board chart 1

Chart 2
montessori, multiplication board chart 2


  1. Show the child the material and have him bring it to the table.
  2. Show the child the numbers along the top of the board. Tell the child, “These numbers tell us how many times to take a number.”
  3. Show the child how to slide the card (4) into the slot on the side of the board.
  4. Tell the child, “This tells us we will be doing the table of 4.”
  5. Place the little red disc above the 1 at the top of the board.
  6. Say, “This tells us we need to take 4 one times.
  7. Using the red beads, place 4 one times in a vertical line.
  8. Have the child count how many beads there are on the board.
  9. Tell the child, “4 x 1 is 4” Have the child write the answer on the paper next to the equation.
  10. Move the disc over above the 2.
  11. Tell the child, “We now need 4 two times. But we already have 4 one times.”
  12. Have the child place the red beads in a vertical line next to the first four.
  13. Have the child count the total number of beads on the board.
  14. Say, “4 x 2 is 8”.

  15. montessori, multiplication of 4

  16. Repeat in this manner. When the child reaches 4 x 4, have him say the equation with you.
  17. If the child is making the table with ease, when he reaches 4 x 8 show him that 4 x 7 was 28. Count from 28 up four more. Repeat in this way until he has finished the board.
  18. Have the child read all of the equations and answers written on the piece of paper.
  19. The child can check his work on Multiplication Chart 1.

The child, over time, does each of the tables in the same way. He can then make a booklet of the tables.


To give practice in multiplication leading to the memorization of the essential multiplication tables.

Control of Error
The child checks his work with Chart 1.

5 1/2 - 6 years

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